A neuropsychological evaluation is an assessment of how one’s brain functions. The evaluation typically involves an interview, neurodevelopmental history, and administration of a number of standardized tests. The tests are typically paper and pencil, computer-based, or oral. Test administration is usually completed by a trained psychometrician or psychological associate. Neuropsychological tests are standardized, meaning that they are given in the same manner to all patients and scored in a similar manner time after time. An individual’s scores on tests are interpreted by comparing their score to that of a normal sample of individuals of similar demographic background. The neuropsychologist examines the patient’s history, observations from parents, caregivers, and teachers, and test findings in the formation to determine a pattern of cognitive and behavioral strengths and weaknesses, formulate a diagnosis, and offer appropriate recommendations. Neuropsychological tests evaluate functioning in a number of areas including: intelligence, executive functions, attention, memory, language, perception, sensorimotor functions, motivation, mood and emotions, and personality styles. The areas addressed in an individual’s assessment are determined, in part, by the referral question, the patient’s concerns, and observations made during interview and test administration.