Frequently Asked Questions
A neuropsychologist is a doctoral-trained psychologist who specializes in brain behavior relationships. Neuropsychologists have undergone extensive training in the neurosciences, including neuro-anatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropathology. Neuropsychologists specialize in the assessment and treatment of individuals with a broad range of brain-based disorders. The brain is extremely complex and disorders within the brain or Central Nervous System may alter cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functions. The role of a neuropsychologist is to understand how brain structures and symptoms relate to behavior, thinking, and feeling.
Neuropsychologists evaluate and treat individuals with various developmental or acquired disorders of the nervous system.
Neuropsychology is an applied science which studies the structure and function of the brain as it relates to specific psychological processes and behaviors. The goal of neuropsychology is to assess, understand, and treat behaviors directly related to brain functioning.
The length of the evaluation depends upon the age and stamina of the client. Most assessments for children and adolescents require two sessions varying in length from two to four hours. If a youngster fatigues during an assessment, testing will be stopped and rescheduled at a more appropriate time. Some adults are able to complete an assessment in one day.
No. NeuroBehavioral Associates does not participate with healthcare insurance companies. We do, however, provide a comprehensive statement which includes current procedural terminology codes (CPT codes) and DSM-V and ICD-9 diagnostic codes. CPT and diagnostic codes are required by a healthcare provider to seek reimbursement.
You may call Member Services of your healthcare plan and request coverage limits for neuropsychological testing. Some healthcare plans require referral from a physician, such as a pediatrician or a neurologist. Some plans will provide out-of-network reimbursement at a specific rate per hour, depending upon the CPT code. Some plans provide neuropsychological assessment coverage under the medical portion of the benefits while others include neuropsychological assessment coverage under Behavioral Healthcare.
Please complete and bring all forms provided to you prior to the assessment. This includes a history form and may include checklists for parents and teachers. You are welcome to bring a drink and snacks for your child or a small toy or electronics. Youngsters are given breaks throughout the assessment.
For children under the age of 8, we recommend that the parent remains in the office throughout the assessment. For older children, it is dependent upon the comfort of the child. If your child is comfortable, you are welcome to leave at the end of the interview and return later for pick up.
Test results are provided through a debriefing session which is typically scheduled four weeks following the completion of testing. This period of time allows for comprehensive scoring of all tests, formation of a diagnosis and recommendations, and dictation of a comprehensive written report. You will receive a draft report when you return for debriefing. Following the debriefing, the report will be immediately converted into a final draft and provided via both hard copy and a PDF to your email address.
Our aim is to provide a comprehensive, accurate, and useful assessment. If you have questions you are welcome to call and schedule a brief teleconference with our doctors in order to clarify your concerns. We are happy to make revisions in reports for factual information.
In some cases, parents may be reluctant to release a comprehensive report to their child’s school. In such cases, we suggest that you discuss this issue with our doctor and consider a redacted report or summary report.
Yes. Our doctors are available to attend Individualized Education Program (IEP) meetings at public schools and staff/faculty meetings at private schools. We charge a flat rate per hour, billed door-to-door, for such meetings. It is our practice to obtain a retainer in preparation for such meetings.
No. Neuropsychologists are typically trained as clinical psychologists, not physicians or psychiatrists. We do, however, offer referral sources for those children and adolescents who may benefit from medication.
Clinical neuropsychology is a sub-field of psychology concerned with the applied science of brain behavioral relationships. Clinical neuropsychologists use this knowledge in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients across the lifespan with neurological, medical, neurodevelopmental, and psychiatric conditions as well as other cognitive and learning disorders. The branch of neuropsychology associated with children and young people is pediatric neuropsychology.
Neuropsychologists are licensed as psychologists by the Board of Examiners of Psychologists within the Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, State of Maryland.
A neuropsychological evaluation is an assessment of how one’s brain functions. The evaluation typically involves an interview, neurodevelopmental history, and administration of a number of standardized tests. The tests are typically paper and pencil, computer-based, or oral. Test administration is usually completed by a trained psychometrician or psychological associate. Neuropsychological tests are standardized, meaning that they are given in the same manner to all patients and scored in a similar manner time after time. An individual’s scores on tests are interpreted by comparing their score to that of a normal sample of individuals of similar demographic background. The neuropsychologist examines the patient’s history, observations from parents, caregivers, and teachers, and test findings in the formation to determine a pattern of cognitive and behavioral strengths and weaknesses, formulate a diagnosis, and offer appropriate recommendations. Neuropsychological tests evaluate functioning in a number of areas including: intelligence, executive functions, attention, memory, language, perception, sensorimotor functions, motivation, mood and emotions, and personality styles. The areas addressed in an individual’s assessment are determined, in part, by the referral question, the patient’s concerns, and observations made during interview and test administration.
There is no need to “study” for the assessment. Appropriate preparation includes completion of all forms and materials sent by our office. Background, medical records, and prior reports should be brought to the assessment. Patients should be maintained on their current medications unless otherwise discussed with their physician or our doctors. It is the goal of the neuropsychologist to get the best possible picture of an individual’s current functioning. It is important to get a good night’s sleep, put forth strong effort on testing, and discuss any questions or concerns with the neuropsychologist prior to the beginning of the assessment.
A psychological associate is a professional, certified by the Board of Examiners of Psychologists to administer standardized psychological and neuropsychological tests. Psychological associates have completed a Master’s Degree and have received appropriate training and supervision for the valid and reliable administration of psychological and neuropsychological tests.
The debriefing session, conducted after completion of testing, aims to provide a comprehensive review of test findings, diagnostic formulation, and recommendations. You are welcome to bring anyone you wish to the debriefing session. Some of our clients choose to bring extended family members, educational consultants, or therapists to this session.
We do not conduct FAA testing, however you may call Dr. Robert L Kane Ph D 3020 Hamaker Court Suite 103, Fairfax,VA 22031 – Phone: (410) 808-4667.